Vitamin D3 is important for us all, some more so than others. In November 2014 the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) published their new guidelines for increasing Vitamin D supplement use amongst high risk groups.
Top 5 risk groups
Are you in the top 5 risk groups? If so, you should consider supplementing in order to maintain a healthy level of vitamin D3.
- ALL PREGNANT & BREAST FEEDING WOMEN:
Vitamin D stores get used up during pregnancy, so women who are pregnant or have several pregnancies close together are at a higher risk.
- INFANTS & YOUNG CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE:
Young children whose mothers are deficient are more likely to lack vitamin D, particularly those who are breastfed. The NHS recommends that children aged six months to five years should take a daily vitamin D3 supplement.
- OLDER PEOPLE AGED 65 AND OVER:
Housebound people in nursing and residential homes are particularly at risk – this is because we generate most of our vitamin D3 through sunlight.
- PEOPLE WHO HAVE LOW OR NO EXPOSURE TO THE SUN:
People who cover their skin for protection or for various cultural reasons and sports people who spend all day training indoors are at risk of having low vitamin D3 levels. Those who also work constantly inside are at risk.
- PEOPLE WHO HAVE DARKER SKIN:
People of South Asian, African and Afro-Caribbean origin are likely to have vitamin D3 deficiency as their bodies are not able to make as much vitamin D3 due to the melanin in their skin that affects UV penetration. People with darker skin must be in the sunlight for longer to generate the amount of vitamin D3 required.
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